Robert Penn Warren is the only writer to have won Pulitzer Prizes for both fiction and poetry. He was not only a celebrated writer but also a highly influential editor and critic; he was a founder of The Southern Review literary journal and of the New Criticism school of literary theory. Born in Kentucky, Warren studied at Vanderbilt University, the University of California, Oxford University, and Yale University. He received many accolades during his lifetime, including the St. Louis Literary Award, the National Medal of Arts, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He also served as the Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress and as the first U.S. Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry. Warren lived the latter part of his life in New England and is buried in Stratton, Vermont.