Noel Langley was a South African Broadway playwright, screenwriter, director, and author. He is most well-known for his screenplay The Wizard of Oz, but he also wrote the scripts for Scrooge, Ivanhoe, and The Prisoner of Zenda. He earned his BA from the University of Natal in 1934, where he began to write plays, before he moved to London and found success in the West End. It was there that he began to write novels, both for children and adults, before he made the move to film in the 1930s and accepted a seven-year contract as a screenwriter for MGM in Hollywood. He died in California.