Marvin Marx Lowenthal was born in Pennsylvania and educated at the University of Wisconsin and Harvard University. Soon after graduating, he moved to Europe with his wife to document the persecution of the Jews during the rise of the Nazis. The couple moved back to the United States in 1934 when the persecution began to threaten their own safety. Lowenthal published his Autobiography of Michel de Montaigne the following year. He wrote and worked for Zionist causes until his death in New York in 1969.